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Food Allergy: Diagnosis, Prevention, and Management

1. A food allergy can refer to an adverse health effect arising from a specific immune response that occurs reproducibly on exposure to a given food.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

2. Which of the following statements is most accurate?

A. Food intolerance can refer to an immune reaction that includes metabolic, toxic, pharmacologic, and undefined mechanisms. B. Food intolerance can refer to an immune reaction which only includes a metabolic mechanism. C. Food intolerance can refer to a nonimmune reaction that includes metabolic, toxic, pharmacologic, and undefined mechanisms. D. Food intolerance can refer to a nonimmune reaction which only includes metabolic and toxic mechanisms.

3. Which of the following may be considered a risk factor for food allergies?

A. Individuals' sex B. Ethnicity C. Genetics D. All of the above

4. A patient's clinical history may be used to diagnose a food allergy.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

5. Effective management of a food allergy requires avoidance of ingestion and prompt treatment in the event of an allergic reaction.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

6. Epinephrine may be used to cure a food allergy.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

7. According to the LEAP trial, at what age should a high-risk infant patient exhibiting mild-to-moderate eczema be introduced to peanut-containing foods?

A. Around 1 month B. Around 2 months C. Around 6 months D. Around 18 months

8. Milk, peanuts and soybeans are among the eight most common allergenic foods.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

9. Following ingestion of a food allergen(s), a person with food allergies can experience a severe, life-threatening allergic reaction called anaphylaxis.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

10. Symptoms of food allergies typically appear from within a few minutes to 2 hours after a person has eaten the food to which he or she is allergic.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

11. “Cross-contact” occurs when a residue or trace amount of an allergenic food becomes incorporated into another food not intended to contain it.

A. TRUE B. FALSE

12. Which of the following may be considered to be a symptom of a food allergy?

A. Hives B. Flushed skin or rash C. Difficulty breathing D. All of the above


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