1. A women's relationship status with her male partner, in particular, has been identified as an important predictor of her sexual health.A. True B. False
2. Studies have found significant associations between condom use and all of the following socio-demographic characteristics, except for:A. Age B. Education C. Religion D. Acculturation
3. Women infected with C. trachomatis or N. gonorrhoeae can develop PID, which, in turn, can lead to reproductive system morbidity such as ectopic pregnancy and tubal factor infertility.A. True B. False
4. Which of the following occur among women with PID?A. Tubal scarring causing infertility B. Ectopic pregnancy C. Chronic pelvic pain D. All of the above
5. How are chlamydial and gonococcal infections primarily detected?A. Based on symptomatic complaints B. Sexual partner was diagnosed C. Screening D. All of the above
6. Although most HPV infections in women resolve within 1 year, they are a major concern because persistent infection with specific types of the virus:A. Are causally related to cervical cancer. B. Cause genital warts. C. Cause recurrent respiratory papillomatosis in infants born to infected mothers. D. All of the above.
7. Topical prophylaxis of infants at delivery is effective for:A. Prevention of gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum. B. Prevention of neonatal pneumonia. C. Both (A) and (B). D. None of the above.
8. Syphilis can be transmitted to a woman's baby during delivery, but not to the fetus in utero.A. True B. False
9. Most cases of congenital syphilis are easily preventable if women are screened for syphilis and treated early during prenatal care.A. True B. False
10. Chlamydial and gonorrhea infections in women are usually asymptomatic and screening is necessary to identify most infections.A. True B. False
11. Failure of healthcare professionals to adhere to maternal syphilis screening recommendations contributes to the occurrence of congenital syphilis.A. True B. False
12. The higher prevalence of STDs among adolescents may reflect which of the following barriers to accessing quality STD prevention services?A. Lack of health insurance or ability to pay. B. Discomfort with facilities and services designed for adults. C. Concerns about confidentiality. D. All of the above.
13. Traditionally, intervention efforts have targeted higher-level factors, such as peer norms and media influences, and have not addressed individual-level factors that may also influence behaviors.A. True B. False
14. Which of the following conditions makes it more difficult for individuals to protect their sexual health?A. Unemployment B. Low educational attainment C. Geographic isolation D. All of the above
15. During 2008 - 2012, gonorrhea rates increased among all of the following, except:A. American Indians / Alaska Natives B. Blacks C. Asians D. Whites
16. Compared to women and men who have sex with women only, MSM are at increased risk for STDs.A. True B. False
17. STDs among MSM are not associated with an HIV diagnosis.A. True B. False
18. Which of the following is not one of the individual-level risk behaviors that significantly contributes to the ongoing disparities in the sexual health of MSM?A. Higher numbers of lifetime sex partners. B. Higher rates of drug and/or alcohol abuse. C. Higher rates of partner change and partner acquisition rates. D. Unprotected sex.
19. Testing for gonorrhea and chlamydia in MSM largely focuses on detecting:A. Urethral infections B. Pharyngeal infections C. Rectal infections D. All of the above
20. Gonococcal isolates from MSM are more likely to exhibit antimicrobial resistance than isolates from MSW.A. True B. False
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