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HIV / AIDS Overview

HIV / AIDS: The Basics

1. HIV is spread through which of the following?

A. Blood B. Semen and vaginal fluids C. Breast milk D. All of the above

2. Antiretrovirals can do all of the following, except:

A. Cure HIV. B. Help people infected with HIV live longer, healthier lives. C. Reduces the risk of HIV transmission. D. ART does all of the above.

3. The first signs of HIV infection may be any of the following, except for:

A. Fever B. Diarrhea C. Headache D. Rash

The HIV Life Cycle

4. Standard HIV treatment, called antiretroviral therapy or ART, involves taking a combination of HIV medicines from how many different HIV drug classes every day?

A. One B. At least two C. At least three D. Four

5. Variations of HIV that develop while a person is taking HIV medicines can lead to new, drug-resistant strains of HIV.

A. True B. False

The Stages of HIV Infection

6. The risk of HIV transmission is greatest during which stage?

A. Acute HIV infection B. Chronic HIV infection C. AIDS D. Transmission risk is equal for all stages of HIV infection

7. AIDS in diagnosed when a person with HIV has a CD4 count of less than 300 cells/mL.

A. True B. False

HIV Testing

8. HIV testing can:

A. Detect HIV infection B. Tell how long a person has been HIV infected C. Tell if the person has AIDS D. All of the above

9. The CDC recommends HIV testing at least once a year for people at high risk for HIV infection, including:

A. Having sex with many partners B. Exchanging sex for money or drugs C. Having a sexually transmitted disease such as syphilis D. All of the above

10. Once a person is infected with HIV, it generally takes about _____ for the body to produce enough antibodies to be detected by an HIV antibody test.

A. 1 month B. 2 months C. 3 months D. 6 months

11. An HIV RNA test can detect HIV in a person's:

A. Urine B. Fluids from the mouth C. Blood D. All of the above

FDA-Approved HIV Medicines

12. ART is recommended for all people infected with HIV.

A. True B. False

The Basics of HIV Prevention

13. The most common way HIV is spread is by sharing needles or personal items that may have infected blood on them.

A. True B. False

14. A nurse exposed to HIV in the workplace may require post-exposure prophylaxis.

A. True B. False

Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission of HIV

15. A mother with HIV can pass HIV to her child:

A. During pregnancy B. During childbirth C. Through breastfeeding D. All of the above

16. The CDC recommends that all pregnant women get tested for HIV as early as possible in their pregnancy.

A. True B. False

17. Babies born to women with HIV receive HIV medicine for _____ after birth.

A. 7 days B. 14 days C. 6 weeks D. 6 months

18. There is evidence that HIV can spread in food that was previously chewed by a person infected with HIV, therefore, babies should not be fed pre-chewed food.

A. True B. False

HIV Treatment: The Basics

19. Poor adherence - not taking HIV medicines every day and exactly as prescribed - can lead to drug resistance.

A. True B. False

20. Which of the following is a factor that influences a patient's decision to start ART?

A. The overall health of the person with HIV, including any other medical conditions or HIV-related illnesses the person may have. B. The person's test results, especially CD4 count results. C. The person's readiness for lifelong treatment with HIV medicines. D. All of the above.

Just Diagnosed: Next Steps After Testing Positive for HIV

21. The purpose of a baseline evaluation is to:

A. Determine the stage of the person's HIV infection. B. Evaluate the person's readiness to start treatment. C. Collect information to guide selection of the person's first HIV regimen. D. All of the above.

22. All of the following tests are conducted as part of a baseline evaluation, except for:

A. CD4 count B. Spleen function tests C. Drug-resistance testing D. Viral load

What to Start: Selecting a First HIV Regimen

23. A main goal of HIV treatment is to reduce a person's viral load to an undetectable level, meaning that HIV is no longer in the person's blood.

A. True B. False

Following an HIV Regimen: Steps to Take Before and After Starting HIV Medicines

24. If a patient misses a dose of medicine, they should take a double dose to make up for it.

A. True B. False

HIV and Immunizations

25. All of the following vaccines are recommended for people with HIV, except for:

A. Hepatitis A B. Hepatitis B C. Influenza D. Pneumococcal

HIV and Hepatotoxicity

26. All of the following factors may increase the risk of hepatotoxicity due to HIV medicines, except for:

A. Being over 50 years of age. B. Also having hepatitis B and/or hepatitis C infection. C. Being a man. D. Alcohol or drug abuse.

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