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Urinary Incontinence in Women

1. Risk factors for incontinence include:

A. Pregnancy B. Obesity C. Urinary tract infections D. All of the above

2. Which of the following results in an inability to retain urine during coughing or sneezing?

A. Stress incontinence B. Urgency incontinence C. Overactive bladder D. Mixed UI

3. UI can be diagnosed based on patients' reports of involuntary urine leakage.

A. True B. False

4. Standard UI treatments for women include all of the following, except:

A. Lifestyle changes B. Pelvic floor muscle training C. Medication D. Surgical treatments

5. Treatments for overactive bladder aim to decrease the frequency and intensity of urgency sensations, as well as the frequency of urgency UI episodes.

A. True B. False

6. In the diagnostic context, physiological testing can inform in which way?

A. Establishing a diagnosis B. Determining an etiology with therapeutic implications C. Generating a prognosis D. Any of the above

7. Women report improved quality of life and clinical success only when they experience a 100% reduction in urinary episode frequency.

A. True B. False

8. Treatment discontinuation due to adverse effects was greater than placebo for all drugs.

A. True B. False

9. Solifenacin is effective regardless of the response to previous treatments, and poor responders benefit from increasing the dose of the drug.

A. True B. False

10. Nurses should be informed that the relative risks of ventricular arrhythmias or sudden death are very high among older people using UI medications in combination with antihistamine / cytochrome inhibitors.

A. True B. False

11. Research has demonstrated that women with stress UI whose conservative treatments failed may benefit from all of the following except:

A. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation. B. A tension-free vaginal tape procedure. C. Sacral neuromodulation. D. Botulinum toxin injections.

12. Pharmacological treatments for stress UI, including off-label use of low-dose topical estrogen formulations, may improve stress UI in postmenopausal women.

A. True B. False

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